Facts on Afghanistan
Location and Interesting Facts:
Afghanistan is a landlocked country in the middle of the Asian continent. Its conventional long-form name is the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Afghanistan is bordered located to the south and east by Pakistan, to the west by Iran, and to the north by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. In the very far northeast it also shares a short border with China.
Archeologists have found evidence of human residence in Afghanistan from as far back as 50,000 BC., and urban centers there date from 3,000 to 2,000 BC.
Climate and Geography:
Afghanistan is the 41st largest country in the world. It covers more than 251,800 square miles and is about the size of Texas. Its highest mountain, Noshaq, reaches 24,580 feet above sea level. Afghanistan has a continental climate with very cold winters in the central mountainous region. In the northeast and the Wankhan Corridor the temperature can reach 5 °F, and subzero temperatures are common in the high mountains. In contrast to the northeast, the southwest, the Jalalabad basin in the east and the area around the Amu River in the north, reach temperatures over 95 °F in July. Two-thirds of the country's water flows into the neighboring countries of Iran, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan. Afghanistan has geologically active areas in and around the northeastern Hindu Kush mountain range where earthquakes occur every year.
Afghanistan has been home to various groups through the ages. Darius I of Persia was the first to invade Afghanistan. Later, Alexander the Great took over Afghanistan after conquering Persia. In the 7th century, Islamic conquerors entered Afghanistan followed by Genghis Khan in the 13th and Tamerlane in the 14th centuries. During the 19th century, Afghanistan served as a battleground for the conflict between Britain and Russia who fought for dominance in central Asia. Britain's three wars, fought in 1839-1842, 1878-1880 and 1919 ended with mixed results at best. In 1893 the Britain built an unofficial border separating Afghanistan from British India. Emir Amanullah founded an Afghan monarchy in 1926.
Some of the natural resources found in Afghanistan are coal, copper, iron ore, lithium, uranium, chromite, gold, zinc, talc, and lead.
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