District of Columbia Outline Map

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Outline Map: Defined
An Outline Map represents basic geographic information and accommodates additional data placed upon it. Outline Maps offer no coloring and less features such as city and roadway detail. This style of map acts as a base for adding customized content. Outline Maps are used largely by educators for their classroom exercises and testing.

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Washington D.C.

page last updated on August 8, 2011


   Introduction    Washington D.C.


Although New York City and Philadelphia each served briefly as the capital of the United States, in 1790, Congress chose the District of Columbia as the permanent seat of government. George Washington helped select the site for the city. Situated on the Potomac River, Washington, D.C., was originally carved out of land transferred from Maryland and Virginia (Virginia's portion south of the river was returned to that state in 1846).

French-born American engineer, architect, and urban designer Pierre-Charles L'Enfant designed the city's basic plan, which features wide avenues radiating from the Capitol building through a grid of streets with numerous circles and parks. The name District of Columbia honors Christopher Columbus, and the city's better-known name of Washington, honors the first president. Congress first met in Washington in 1800, although construction of the first phase of the Capitol was not completed until 1826. Today, millions come to Washington, D.C. each year to see the Capitol, the White House, the Library of Congress, and the city's many museums and monuments. The flower is the American beauty rose.

   Miscellaneous    Washington D.C.


Flower: American Beauty Rose

Motto: Justice to all

Nickname: N/A

Bird: N/A

   Geography    Washington D.C.


Land area, 2000 (square miles): 61

Highest Point: 420 ft

Lowest Point: Sea level

City parks: 753 (7,725 ac.)

Persons per square mile, 2000: 9,378

   People    Washington D.C.

Population, 2010: 601,723
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010: 5.20%
Population, 2000: 572,055
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009: 6.20%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009: 19.00%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009: 11.70%
Female persons, percent, 2009: 52.80%

White persons, percent, 2010 (a): 38.50%
Black persons, percent, 2010 (a): 50.70%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2010 (a): 0.30%
Asian persons, percent, 2010 (a): 3.50%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2010 (a): 0.10%
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2010: 2.90%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2010 (b): 9.10%
White persons not Hispanic, persons, 2010: 34.80%

Living in same house 1 year ago, pct 1 yr old & over, 2005-2009: 81.10%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2005-2009: 12.50%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2005-2009: 14.20%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 85.50%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 47.10%
Veterans, 2005-2009: 34,551
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2005-2009: 29.4

Housing units, 2009: 285,135
Homeownership rate, 2005-2009: 45.10%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2005-2009: 60.40%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2005-2009: $440,500

Households, 2005-2009: 250,723
Persons per household, 2005-2009: 2.21
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2009 dollars) 2005-2009: $40,846
Median household income, 2009: $58,906
Persons per square mile, 2010: 9,800.00


(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.

D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown



GDP Data — Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
Population and Economic Data — US Census Bureau
Government Data — Congress.Org




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