New Jersey Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.

Statistical Information Categories

New Jersey

page last updated on August 8, 2011


   Introduction    New Jersey


Italian Giovanni da Verrazano, in 1524, was the first European to explore the area we know today as New Jersey. One of the original 13 states (it joined the Union in 1787), it was named after the island of Jersey in the English Channel. New Jersey is referred to as the "Garden State" because of its fertile farmland. General George Washington won a key Revolutionary War battle at Trenton when he crossed the Delaware River from Pennsylvania and surprised the Hessian soldiers stationed there. Trenton is the state capital, and the flower is the purple violet. Atlantic City, a resort town and home to the Miss America pageant, attracts visitors from around the world.

   Miscellaneous    New Jersey


State Flower: Purple violet

State Motto: Liberty and prosperity

State Nickname: Garden State

State Bird: Eastern goldfinch

   Geography    New Jersey


Land area, 2000 (square miles): 7,417

Length: 150 miles

Width: 70 miles

10 largest cities, 2010
  1. Newark, 278,154
  2. Jersey City, 247,597
  3. Paterson, 146,199
  4. Elizabeth, 124,969
  5. Edison, 99,967
  6. Woodbridge, 99,585
  7. Lakewood, 92,843
  8. Toms River, 91,239
  9. Hamilton, 88,464
  10. Trenton, 84,913

Geographic Center: 5 miles SE of Trenton

Geographic Center County: Mercer

Highest Point: 1,803 ft. — High Point

Lowest Point: sea level — Atlantic Ocean

Number of counties: 21

State forests: 11

State parks: 39

Persons per square mile, 2010: 1,185.30

   People    New Jersey

Population, 2010: 8,791,894
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010: 4.50%
Population, 2000: 8,414,378
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009: 6.40%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009: 23.50%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009: 13.50%
Female persons, percent, 2009: 51.00%

White persons, percent, 2010 (a): 68.60%
Black persons, percent, 2010 (a): 13.70%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2010 (a): 0.30%
Asian persons, percent, 2010 (a): 8.30%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2010 (a): 0.00%
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2010: 2.70%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2010 (b): 17.70%
White persons not Hispanic, persons, 2010: 59.30%

Living in same house 1 year ago, pct 1 yr old & over, 2005-2009: 89.00%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2005-2009: 19.70%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2005-2009: 27.60%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 86.80%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 34.10%
Veterans, 2005-2009: 505,290
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2005-2009: 29.6

Housing units, 2009: 3,526,453
Homeownership rate, 2005-2009: 67.10%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2005-2009: 35.80%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2005-2009: $356,800

Households, 2005-2009: 3,152,877
Persons per household, 2005-2009: 2.68
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2009 dollars) 2005-2009: $34,566
Median household income, 2009: $68,444
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2009: 9.40%


(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.

D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown



GDP Data — Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
Population and Economic Data — US Census Bureau
Government Data — Congress.Org




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