Pennsylvania Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.

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page last updated on August 8, 2011

   Introduction    Pennsylvania

Although Swedes and Dutch were the first European settlers, William Penn, a Quaker, named Pennsylvania in honor of his father by combining the name Penn and the Latin term sylvania, which translates as "woodlands," to come up with "Penn's woodlands." Known as the "Keystone State," Pennsylvania is one of the original 13 colonies (it entered the Union in 1787). Today, two major cities dominate the state--Philadelphia, home of the Liberty Bell, Constitution Hall, and a thriving metropolitan area, and Pittsburgh, a busy inland river port. The Amish, a group of people who live without the use of modern technology, live in the countryside of Pennsylvania. The capital is Harrisburg and the state bird is the ruffed grouse.

   Miscellaneous    Pennsylvania

State Flower: Mountain laurel

State Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence

State Nickname: Keystone State

State Bird: Ruffed grouse

   Geography    Pennsylvania

Land area, 2000 (square miles): 44,817

Length: 283 miles

Width: 160 miles

10 largest cities, 2010:
  1. Philadelphia, 1,526,006
  2. Pittsburgh, 305,704
  3. Allentown, 118,032
  4. Erie, 101,786
  5. Reading, 88,082
  6. Scranton, 76,089
  7. Bethlehem, 74,982
  8. Lancaster, 59,322
  9. Levittown CDP, 52,983
  10. Harrisburg, 49,528

Geographic Center: 2.5 miles southwest of Bellefonte

Geographic Center County: Centre

Highest Point: 3,213 ft. — Mt. Davis

Lowest Point: sea level — Delaware River

Number of counties: 67

State forests: 20 (2,100,000 ac.)

State parks: 116

Persons per square mile, 2010: 283.4

   People    Pennsylvania

Population, 2010: 12,702,379
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010: 3.40%
Population, 2000: 12,281,071
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009: 5.90%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009: 22.00%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009: 15.40%
Female persons, percent, 2009: 51.30%

White persons, percent, 2010 (a): 81.90%
Black persons, percent, 2010 (a): 10.80%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2010 (a): 0.20%
Asian persons, percent, 2010 (a): 2.70%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2010 (a): Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2010: 1.90%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2010 (b): 5.70%
White persons not Hispanic, persons, 2010: 79.50%

Living in same house 1 year ago, pct 1 yr old & over, 2005-2009: 87.20%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2005-2009: 5.20%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2005-2009: 9.40%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 86.90%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 26.00%
Veterans, 2005-2009: 1,049,923
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2005-2009: 25.4

Housing units, 2009: 5,518,558
Homeownership rate, 2005-2009: 71.50%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2005-2009: 20.30%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2005-2009: $152,300

Households, 2005-2009: 4,893,127
Persons per household, 2005-2009: 2.46
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2009 dollars) 2005-2009: $26,678
Median household income, 2009: $49,501
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2009: 12.50%

(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.

D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown

GDP Data — Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
Population and Economic Data — US Census Bureau
Government Data — Congress.Org

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