United Arab Emirates Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
United Arab Emirates

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: United Arab Emirates
Background:
 
The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region. For more than three decades, oil and global finance drove the UAE's economy. However, in 2008-09, the confluence of falling oil prices, collapsing real estate prices, and the international banking crisis hit the UAE especially hard. In March 2011, about 100 Emirati activists and intellectuals posted on the Internet and sent to the government a petition calling for greater political reform, including the establishment of a parliament with full legislative powers and the further expansion of the electorate and the rights of the Federal National Council, the UAE's quasi-legislature. In April 2011, the Emirati Government arrested four activists - all of whom signed the petition - for their alleged criticisms of the UAE system of government.
Geography :: United Arab Emirates
Location:
 
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
24 00 N, 54 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Middle East
 
Area:
 
total: 83,600 sq km
country comparison to the world: 115
land: 83,600 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than Maine
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 867 km
border countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
 
Coastline:
 
1,318 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
 
Climate:
 
desert; cooler in eastern mountains
 
Terrain:
 
flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
 
Natural resources:
 
petroleum, natural gas
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 0.77%
permanent crops: 2.27%
other: 96.96% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
2,300 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
0.2 cu km (1997)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 2.3 cu km/yr (23%/9%/68%)
per capita: 511 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
frequent sand and dust storms
 
Environment - current issues:
 
lack of natural freshwater resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Geography - note:
 
strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil
People :: United Arab Emirates
Population:
 
5,148,664 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net immigration of non-citizens than previous estimates
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 20.4% (male 537,925/female 513,572)
15-64 years: 78.7% (male 2,968,958/female 1,080,717)
65 years and over: 0.9% (male 30,446/female 17,046)
note: 73.9% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 30.2 years
male: 32.1 years
female: 24.9 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
3.282% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
Birth rate:
 
15.87 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
 
Death rate:
 
2.06 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 223
 
Net migration rate:
 
19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 84% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
ABU DHABI (capital) 666,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 2.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.8 male(s)/female
total population: 2.2 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 11.94 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 135
male: 13.96 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 76.51 years
country comparison to the world: 71
male: 73.94 years
female: 79.22 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.4 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.2% (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 97% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 3% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Emirati(s)
adjective: Emirati
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
 
Religions:
 
Muslim 96% (Shia 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4%
 
Languages:
 
Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 77.9%
male: 76.1%
female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
1.2% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 161

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