Egypt Political Map

By Maps.com
Shopping Cart
($0.00)

Your shopping cart is empty.

Purchase this as a Poster

Paper
36" on small edge - $29.95
Laminated
36" on small edge - $39.95

Shipping Conditions

Maps.com ships only to US & Canada

US FlagThis product can only be shipped to the Domestic U.S.A. (No APO's or PO Boxes)
 
Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Egypt

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Egypt
Background:
 
The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty with the overthrow of the British-backed monarchy in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's growing population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.
Geography :: Egypt
Location:
 
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
27 00 N, 30 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Africa
 
Area:
 
total: 1,001,450 sq km
country comparison to the world: 30
land: 995,450 sq km
water: 6,000 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 2,665 km
border countries: Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,273 km
 
Coastline:
 
2,450 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
 
Climate:
 
desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
 
Terrain:
 
vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m
highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m
 
Natural resources:
 
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 2.92%
permanent crops: 0.5%
other: 96.58% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
35,300 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
86.8 cu km (1997)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 68.3 cu km/yr (8%/6%/86%)
per capita: 923 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes; flash floods; landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms; sandstorms
 
Environment - current issues:
 
agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents; limited natural freshwater resources away from the Nile, which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
controls Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, a sea link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea; size, and juxtaposition to Israel, establish its major role in Middle Eastern geopolitics; dependence on upstream neighbors; dominance of Nile basin issues; prone to influxes of refugees from Sudan and the Palestinian territories
People :: Egypt
Population:
 
82,079,636 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 32.7% (male 13,725,282/female 13,112,157)
15-64 years: 62.8% (male 26,187,921/female 25,353,947)
65 years and over: 4.5% (male 1,669,313/female 2,031,016) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 24.3 years
male: 24 years
female: 24.6 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.96% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 57
 
Birth rate:
 
24.63 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
 
Death rate:
 
4.82 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192
 
Net migration rate:
 
-0.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 43.4% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
CAIRO (capital) 10.902 million; Alexandria 4.387 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 25.2 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 81
male: 26.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 23.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 72.66 years
country comparison to the world: 123
male: 70.07 years
female: 75.38 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.97 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
11,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 4% of population
total: 1% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 94% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 6% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
 
Religions:
 
Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
 
Languages:
 
Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.4%
male: 83%
female: 59.4% (2005 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2004)
 
Education expenditures:
 
3.8% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 109

© 2014 Maps.com