Ukraine Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Ukraine

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Ukraine
Background:
 
Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.
Geography :: Ukraine
Location:
 
Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
49 00 N, 32 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Europe
 
Area:
 
total: 603,550 sq km
country comparison to the world: 46
land: 579,330 sq km
water: 24,220 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than Texas
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 4,566 km
border countries: Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 940 km, Poland 428 km, Romania (south) 176 km, Romania (southwest) 362 km, Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 90 km
 
Coastline:
 
2,782 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m or to the depth of exploitation
 
Climate:
 
temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south
 
Terrain:
 
most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m
 
Natural resources:
 
iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 53.8%
permanent crops: 1.5%
other: 44.7% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
21,790 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
139.5 cu km (1997)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 37.53 cu km/yr (12%/35%/52%)
per capita: 807 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
NA
 
Environment - current issues:
 
inadequate supplies of potable water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
 
Geography - note:
 
strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second-largest country in Europe
People :: Ukraine
Population:
 
45,134,707 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 13.7% (male 3,186,606/female 3,014,069)
15-64 years: 70.8% (male 15,282,749/female 16,673,641)
65 years and over: 15.5% (male 2,294,777/female 4,682,865) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 39.9 years
male: 36.7 years
female: 43.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
-0.622% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 224
 
Birth rate:
 
9.62 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 198
 
Death rate:
 
15.74 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
Net migration rate:
 
-0.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 69% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: -0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
KYIV (capital) 2.779 million; Kharkiv 1.455 million; Dnipropetrovsk 1.013 million; Odesa 1.009 million; Donetsk 971,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.065 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.49 male(s)/female
total population: 0.85 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 8.54 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 158
male: 10.71 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 68.58 years
country comparison to the world: 150
male: 62.79 years
female: 74.75 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.28 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 211
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
1.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
350,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
24,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 2% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 90% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 10% of population
total: 5% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Ukrainian(s)
adjective: Ukrainian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 census)
 
Religions:
 
Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate 50.4%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 26.1%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 8%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 7.2%, Roman Catholic 2.2%, Protestant 2.2%, Jewish 0.6%, other 3.2% (2006 est.)
 
Languages:
 
Ukrainian (official) 67%, Russian 24%, other (includes small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 9%
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.2% (2001 census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2008)
 
Education expenditures:
 
5.3% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 48

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