Malta Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Malta

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Malta
Background:
 
Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both world wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.
Geography :: Malta
Location:
 
Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
35 50 N, 14 35 E
 
Map references:
 
Europe
 
Area:
 
total: 316 sq km
country comparison to the world: 207
land: 316 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
196.8 km (excludes 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
 
Climate:
 
Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
 
Terrain:
 
mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)
 
Natural resources:
 
limestone, salt, arable land
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 31.25%
permanent crops: 3.13%
other: 65.62% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
32 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
0.07 cu km (2005)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 0.02 cu km/yr (74%/1%/25%)
per capita: 50 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
NA
 
Environment - current issues:
 
limited natural freshwater resources; increasing reliance on desalination
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
People :: Malta
Population:
 
408,333 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 15.7% (male 32,829/female 31,198)
15-64 years: 68.5% (male 142,006/female 137,803)
65 years and over: 15.8% (male 28,305/female 36,192) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 40 years
male: 38.8 years
female: 41.4 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.375% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
 
Birth rate:
 
10.35 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
 
Death rate:
 
8.6 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
 
Net migration rate:
 
2.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 95% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
VALLETTA (capital) 199,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.058 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 3.69 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 206
male: 4.12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 79.72 years
country comparison to the world: 34
male: 77.45 years
female: 82.12 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.52 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Maltese (singular and plural)
adjective: Maltese
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic (official) 98%
 
Languages:
 
Maltese (official) 90.2%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.8% (2005 census)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 92.8%
male: 91.7%
female: 93.9% (2005 Census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2008)
 
Education expenditures:
 
6.4% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 22

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