Mexico Physical Map

By Maps.com
Shopping Cart
($0.00)

Your shopping cart is empty.

Purchase this as a Poster

Paper
36" on small edge - $29.95
Laminated
36" on small edge - $39.95

Shipping Conditions

Maps.com ships only to US & Canada

US FlagThis product can only be shipped to the Domestic U.S.A. (No APO's or PO Boxes)
 
Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Mexico

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Mexico
Background:
 
The site of advanced Amerindian civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century. A devaluation of the peso in late 1994 threw Mexico into economic turmoil, triggering the worst recession in over half a century. The global financial crisis beginning in late 2008 caused another massive economic downturn the following year. As the economy recovers, ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely Amerindian population in the impoverished southern states. The elections held in 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate - Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was succeeded in 2006 by another PAN candidate Felipe CALDERON. National elections, including the presidential election, are scheduled for July 2012. Since 2007, Mexico's powerful drug-trafficking organizations have engaged in bloody fueding, resulting in tens of thousands of drug-related homicides.
Geography :: Mexico
Location:
 
Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
23 00 N, 102 00 W
 
Map references:
 
North America
 
Area:
 
total: 1,964,375 sq km
country comparison to the world: 14
land: 1,943,945 sq km
water: 20,430 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly less than three times the size of Texas
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 4,353 km
border countries: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,141 km
 
Coastline:
 
9,330 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
 
Climate:
 
varies from tropical to desert
 
Terrain:
 
high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Laguna Salada -10 m
highest point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba 5,700 m
 
Natural resources:
 
petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 12.66%
permanent crops: 1.28%
other: 86.06% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
63,000 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
457.2 cu km (2000)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 78.22 cu km/yr (17%/5%/77%)
per capita: 731 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
tsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south, and hurricanes on the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts
volcanism: Mexico experiences volcanic activity in the central-southern part of the country; the volcanoes in Baja California are mostly dormant; Colima (elev. 3,850 m), which erupted in 2010, is Mexico's most active volcano and is responsible for causing periodic evacuations of nearby villagers; it has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Popocatepetl (elev. 5,426 m) poses a threat to Mexico City; other historically active volcanoes include Barcena, Ceboruco, El Chichon, Michoacan-Guanajuato, Pico de Orizaba, San Martin, Socorro, and Tacana
 
Environment - current issues:
 
scarcity of hazardous waste disposal facilities; rural to urban migration; natural freshwater resources scarce and polluted in north, inaccessible and poor quality in center and extreme southeast; raw sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in urban areas; deforestation; widespread erosion; desertification; deteriorating agricultural lands; serious air and water pollution in the national capital and urban centers along US-Mexico border; land subsidence in Valley of Mexico caused by groundwater depletion
note: the government considers the lack of clean water and deforestation national security issues
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
strategic location on southern border of US; corn (maize), one of the world's major grain crops, is thought to have originated in Mexico
People :: Mexico
Population:
 
113,724,226 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 28.2% (male 16,395,974/female 15,714,182)
15-64 years: 65.2% (male 35,842,495/female 38,309,528)
65 years and over: 6.6% (male 3,348,495/female 4,113,552) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 27.1 years
male: 26 years
female: 28.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.102% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
 
Birth rate:
 
19.13 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 102
 
Death rate:
 
4.86 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 191
 
Net migration rate:
 
-3.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 78% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: Mexico City is the second-largest urban agglomeration in the Western Hemisphere, after Sao Paulo (Brazil), but before New York-Newark (US)
 
Major cities - population:
 
MEXICO CITY (capital) 19.319 million; Guadalajara 4.338 million; Monterrey 3.838 million; Puebla 2.278 million; Tijuana 1.629 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 17.29 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 104
male: 19.14 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 76.47 years
country comparison to the world: 72
male: 73.65 years
female: 79.43 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.29 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.3% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
220,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 94% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 6% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 90% of population
rural: 68% of population
total: 85% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10% of population
rural: 32% of population
total: 15% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
 
Ethnic groups:
 
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3% (Pentecostal 1.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other 3.8%), other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1% (2000 census)
 
Languages:
 
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.1%
male: 86.9%
female: 85.3% (2005 Census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2008)
 
Education expenditures:
 
4.8% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 69

© 2014 Maps.com