Federated States of Micronesia Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Micronesia, Federated States of

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Micronesia, Federated States of
Background:
 
In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Geography :: Micronesia, Federated States of
Location:
 
Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
6 55 N, 158 15 E
 
Map references:
 
Oceania
 
Area:
 
total: 702 sq km
country comparison to the world: 191
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
 
Area - comparative:
 
four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
6,112 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
 
Terrain:
 
islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
 
Natural resources:
 
timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 5.71%
permanent crops: 45.71%
other: 48.58% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
NA
 
Natural hazards:
 
typhoons (June to December)
 
Environment - current issues:
 
overfishing, climate change, pollution
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
four major island groups totaling 607 islands
People :: Micronesia, Federated States of
Population:
 
106,836 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 33.6% (male 18,223/female 17,639)
15-64 years: 63.4% (male 33,566/female 34,215)
65 years and over: 3% (male 1,375/female 1,818) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 22.7 years
male: 22.2 years
female: 23.3 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
-0.313% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 215
 
Birth rate:
 
22.22 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
 
Death rate:
 
4.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
 
Net migration rate:
 
-20.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 23% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
PALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 24.34 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 82
male: 26.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 21.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 71.52 years
country comparison to the world: 134
male: 69.58 years
female: 73.55 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.74 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 94% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 92% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 8% of population (2000)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 59% of population
rural: 16% of population
total: 26% of population
unimproved:
urban: 41% of population
rural: 84% of population
total: 74% of population (2000)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Micronesian(s)
adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic 52.7%, Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%, other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census)
 
Languages:
 
English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 91%
female: 88% (1980 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
NA
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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