The Bahamas Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Bahamas, The

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Bahamas, The
Background:
 
Lucayan Indians inhabited the islands when Christopher COLUMBUS first set foot in the New World on San Salvador in 1492. British settlement of the islands began in 1647; the islands became a colony in 1783. Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973, The Bahamas has prospered through tourism and international banking and investment management. Because of its geography, the country is a major transshipment point for illegal drugs, particularly shipments to the US and Europe, and its territory is used for smuggling illegal migrants into the US.
Geography :: Bahamas, The
Location:
 
Caribbean, chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida, northeast of Cuba
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
24 15 N, 76 00 W
 
Map references:
 
Central America and the Caribbean
 
Area:
 
total: 13,880 sq km
country comparison to the world: 161
land: 10,010 sq km
water: 3,870 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than Connecticut
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
3,542 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream
 
Terrain:
 
long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Alvernia on Cat Island 63 m
 
Natural resources:
 
salt, aragonite, timber, arable land
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 0.58%
permanent crops: 0.29%
other: 99.13% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
10 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
NA
 
Natural hazards:
 
hurricanes and other tropical storms cause extensive flood and wind damage
 
Environment - current issues:
 
coral reef decay; solid waste disposal
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain of which 30 are inhabited
People :: Bahamas, The
Population:
 
313,312 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 178
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 24.4% (male 38,834/female 37,715)
15-64 years: 69.2% (male 106,882/female 110,081)
65 years and over: 6.3% (male 7,578/female 12,222) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 30.2 years
male: 29.1 years
female: 31.3 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.922% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 122
 
Birth rate:
 
16.1 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127
 
Death rate:
 
6.88 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
 
Net migration rate:
 
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 84% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
NASSAU (capital) 248,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 13.49 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 127
male: 13.29 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 71.18 years
country comparison to the world: 140
male: 68.8 years
female: 73.63 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.99 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
3.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
6,600 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 86% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 14% of population
total: 4% of population (2000)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Bahamian(s)
adjective: Bahamian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
black 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
 
Religions:
 
Baptist 35.4%, Anglican 15.1%, Roman Catholic 13.5%, Pentecostal 8.1%, Church of God 4.8%, Methodist 4.2%, other Christian 15.2%, none or unspecified 2.9%, other 0.8% (2000 census)
 
Languages:
 
English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.6%
male: 94.7%
female: 96.5% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2006)
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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