Virgin Islands (US) Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Virgin Islands
(territory of the US)

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Virgin Islands
Background:
 
During the 17th century, the archipelago was divided into two territorial units, one English and the other Danish. Sugarcane, produced by slave labor, drove the islands' economy during the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1917, the US purchased the Danish portion, which had been in economic decline since the abolition of slavery in 1848.
Geography :: Virgin Islands
Location:
 
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
18 20 N, 64 50 W
 
Map references:
 
Central America and the Caribbean
 
Area:
 
total: 1,910 sq km
country comparison to the world: 182
land: 346 sq km
water: 1,564 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
twice the size of Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
188 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
subtropical, tempered by easterly trade winds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season September to November
 
Terrain:
 
mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m
 
Natural resources:
 
sun, sand, sea, surf
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 5.71%
permanent crops: 2.86%
other: 91.43% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
1 sq km (2008)
 
Natural hazards:
 
several hurricanes in recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes
 
Environment - current issues:
 
lack of natural freshwater resources
 
Geography - note:
 
important location along the Anegada Passage - a key shipping lane for the Panama Canal; Saint Thomas has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the Caribbean
People :: Virgin Islands
Population:
 
109,666 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 19.5% (male 10,886/female 10,470)
15-64 years: 65.2% (male 33,280/female 38,210)
65 years and over: 15.3% (male 7,626/female 9,194) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 40.4 years
male: 39.9 years
female: 40.8 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
-0.08% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
 
Birth rate:
 
11.41 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 170
 
Death rate:
 
7.17 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
 
Net migration rate:
 
-5.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 95% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: -0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
CHARLOTTE AMALIE (capital) 54,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.058 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 7.24 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 165
male: 7.97 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 79.33 years
country comparison to the world: 38
male: 76.29 years
female: 82.55 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.8 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Virgin Islander(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Virgin Islander
 
Ethnic groups:
 
black 76.2%, white 13.1%, Asian 1.1%, other 6.1%, mixed 3.5% (2000 census)
 
Religions:
 
Baptist 42%, Roman Catholic 34%, Episcopalian 17%, other 7%
 
Languages:
 
English 74.7%, Spanish or Spanish Creole 16.8%, French or French Creole 6.6%, other 1.9% (2000 census)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90-95% est.
male: NA
female: NA (2005 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
NA
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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