California Physical Geography Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.

Statistical Information Categories

California

page last updated on August 8, 2011


   Introduction    California


Nicknamed the "Golden State," California is the third largest state in area after Alaska and Texas. The discovery of gold and the immigration in 1849 of thousands of "forty-niners" in search of the precious metal helped California's admission into the Union in 1850. Today, California, land of the giant redwoods, has the highest population of any state in the nation and is America's principal agricultural state. It is also the home of Hollywood, the center of America's movie and television industry. Its capital is Sacramento and the state flower is the golden poppy.

   Miscellaneous    California


State Flower: Golden Poppy

State Motto: Eureka (I Have Found It)

State Nickname: Golden State

State Bird: California Valley Quail

   Geography    California


Land area, 2000 (square miles): 155,959.34

Length: 770 Miles

Width: 250 Miles

10 largest cities, 2010:
  1. Los Angeles, 3,792,621
  2. San Diego, 1,307,402
  3. San Jose, 945,942
  4. San Francisco, 805,235
  5. Fresno, 494,665
  6. Sacramento, 489,488
  7. Long Beach, 462,257
  8. Oakland, 390,724
  9. Bakersfield, 347,483
  10. Anaheim, 336,265

Geographic Center: 38 miles east of Madera

Geographic Center County: Madera

Highest Point: 14,494 — Mt. Whitney

Lowest Point: 282 below sea level — Death Valley

Number of counties: 58

State Demonstration Forest: 8 (71,000 ac.)

State parks & beaches: over 270

Persons per square mile, 2010: 238.9

   People    California

Population, 2010: 37,253,956
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010: 10.00%
Population, 2000: 33,871,648
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009: 7.50%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009: 25.50%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009: 11.20%
Female persons, percent, 2009: 49.90%

White persons, percent, 2010 (a): 57.60%
Black persons, percent, 2010 (a): 6.20%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2010 (a): 1.00%
Asian persons, percent, 2010 (a): 13.00%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2010 (a): 0.40%
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2010: 4.90%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2010 (b): 37.60%
White persons not Hispanic, persons, 2010: 40.10%

Living in same house 1 year ago, pct 1 yr old & over, 2005-2009: 83.90%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2005-2009: 26.80%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2005-2009: 42.20%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 80.50%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 29.70%
Veterans, 2005-2009: 2,092,627
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2005-2009: 27

Housing units, 2009: 13,433,718
Homeownership rate, 2005-2009: 57.90%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2005-2009: 30.70%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2005-2009: $479,200

Households, 2005-2009: 12,187,191
Persons per household, 2005-2009: 2.91
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2009 dollars) 2005-2009: $29,020
Median household income, 2009: $58,925
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2009: 14.20%


(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.

D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown



GDP Data — Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
Population and Economic Data — US Census Bureau
Government Data — Congress.Org




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