American Samoa Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
American Samoa
(territory of the US)

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: American Samoa
Background:
 
Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was "discovered" by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.
Geography :: American Samoa
Location:
 
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
14 20 S, 170 00 W
 
Map references:
 
Oceania
 
Area:
 
total: 199 sq km
country comparison to the world: 215
land: 199 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
116 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation
 
Terrain:
 
five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Lata Mountain 964 m
 
Natural resources:
 
pumice, pumicite
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 10%
permanent crops: 15%
other: 75% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
NA
 
Natural hazards:
 
typhoons common from December to March
volcanism: American Samoa experiences limited volcanic activity on the Ofu and Olosega Islands, neither has erupted since the 19th century
 
Environment - current issues:
 
limited natural freshwater resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines
 
Geography - note:
 
Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean
People :: American Samoa
Population:
 
67,242 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 31.9% (male 10,910/female 10,518)
15-64 years: 63.9% (male 21,764/female 21,228)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 1,322/female 1,500) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 23.7 years
male: 23.6 years
female: 23.9 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.211% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
 
Birth rate:
 
22.84 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
 
Death rate:
 
4.1 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 205
 
Net migration rate:
 
-6.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
PAGO PAGO (capital) 60,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 9.66 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 151
male: 12.56 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 74.21 years
country comparison to the world: 105
male: 71.27 years
female: 77.32 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
3.16 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Nationality:
 
noun: American Samoan(s) (US nationals)
adjective: American Samoan
 
Ethnic groups:
 
native Pacific islander 91.6%, Asian 2.8%, white 1.1%, mixed 4.2%, other 0.3% (2000 census)
 
Religions:
 
Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%
 
Languages:
 
Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%
note: most people are bilingual (2000 census)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97%
male: 98%
female: 97% (1980 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
NA
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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