Aruba Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Aruba
(part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Aruba
Background:
 
Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
Geography :: Aruba
Location:
 
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
12 30 N, 69 58 W
 
Map references:
 
Central America and the Caribbean
 
Area:
 
total: 180 sq km
country comparison to the world: 217
land: 180 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
68.5 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
 
Climate:
 
tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
 
Terrain:
 
flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ceru Jamanota 188 m
 
Natural resources:
 
NEGL; white sandy beaches
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 10.53%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 89.47% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
NA (2008)
 
Natural hazards:
 
hurricanes; lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened
 
Environment - current issues:
 
NA
 
Geography - note:
 
a flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)
People :: Aruba
Population:
 
106,113 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 191
note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 18.4% (male 9,847/female 9,729)
15-64 years: 70.3% (male 35,809/female 38,816)
65 years and over: 11.2% (male 4,698/female 7,214) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 38.2 years
male: 36.4 years
female: 40 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.436% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
 
Birth rate:
 
12.78 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
 
Death rate:
 
7.84 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
 
Net migration rate:
 
9.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 47% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
ORANJESTAD (capital) 33,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.021 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 12.92 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 128
male: 17.07 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 75.72 years
country comparison to the world: 83
male: 72.68 years
female: 78.82 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.84 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Aruban(s)
adjective: Aruban; Dutch
 
Ethnic groups:
 
mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic 80.8%, Evangelist 4.1%, Protestant 2.5%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%, Methodist 1.2%, Jewish 0.2%, other 5.1%, none or unspecified 4.6%
 
Languages:
 
Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.3%
male: 97.5%
female: 97.1% (2000 census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
5% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 58

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