Bangladesh Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Bangladesh

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Bangladesh
Background:
 
Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area of Bangladesh in the 16th century; eventually the British came to dominate the region and it became part of British India. In 1947, West Pakistan and East Bengal (both primarily Muslim) separated from India (largely Hindu) and jointly became the new country of Pakistan. East Bengal became East Pakistan in 1955, but the awkward arrangement of a two-part country with its territorial units separated by 1,600 km left the Bengalis marginalized and dissatisfied. East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan in 1971 and was renamed Bangladesh. A military-backed, emergency caretaker regime suspended parliamentary elections planned for January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption. In contrast to the strikes and violent street rallies that had marked Bangladeshi politics in previous years, the parliamentary elections finally held in late December 2008 were mostly peaceful and Sheikh HASINA Wajed was elected prime minister. About a third of this extremely poor country floods annually during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development.
Geography :: Bangladesh
Location:
 
Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
24 00 N, 90 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Asia
 
Area:
 
total: 143,998 sq km
country comparison to the world: 95
land: 130,168 sq km
water: 13,830 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than Iowa
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 4,246 km
border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km
 
Coastline:
 
580 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
 
Climate:
 
tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
 
Terrain:
 
mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m
 
Natural resources:
 
natural gas, arable land, timber, coal
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 55.39%
permanent crops: 3.08%
other: 41.53% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
50,500 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
1,210.6 cu km (1999)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 79.4 cu km/yr (3%/1%/96%)
per capita: 560 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
droughts; cyclones; much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season
 
Environment - current issues:
 
many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; waterborne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal
People :: Bangladesh
Population:
 
158,570,535 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 34.3% (male 27,551,594/female 26,776,647)
15-64 years: 61.1% (male 45,956,431/female 50,891,519)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 3,616,225/female 3,778,119) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 23.3 years
male: 22.7 years
female: 23.7 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.566% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
 
Birth rate:
 
22.98 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72
 
Death rate:
 
5.75 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
 
Net migration rate:
 
-1.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 28% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 3.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
DHAKA (capital) 14.251 million; Chittagong 4.816 million; Khulna 1.636 million; Rajshahi 853,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 50.73 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 48
male: 53.23 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 69.75 years
country comparison to the world: 148
male: 67.93 years
female: 71.65 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.6 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
6,300 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 200 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 85% of population
rural: 78% of population
total: 80% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15% of population
rural: 22% of population
total: 20% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 56% of population
rural: 52% of population
total: 53% of population
unimproved:
urban: 44% of population
rural: 48% of population
total: 47% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)
 
Religions:
 
Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)
 
Languages:
 
Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 47.9%
male: 54%
female: 41.4% (2001 Census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2007)
 
Education expenditures:
 
2.4% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 148

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