Cameroon Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Cameroon

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Cameroon
Background:
 
French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon. The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.
Geography :: Cameroon
Location:
 
Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
6 00 N, 12 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Africa
 
Area:
 
total: 475,440 sq km
country comparison to the world: 54
land: 472,710 sq km
water: 2,730 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than California
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 4,591 km
border countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km
 
Coastline:
 
402 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
 
Climate:
 
varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
 
Terrain:
 
diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Fako 4,095 m (on Mt. Cameroon)
 
Natural resources:
 
petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 12.54%
permanent crops: 2.52%
other: 84.94% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
290 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
285.5 cu km (2003)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 0.99 cu km/yr (18%/8%/74%)
per capita: 61 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes
volcanism: Mt. Cameroon (elev. 4,095 m), which last erupted in 2000, is the most frequently active volcano in West Africa; lakes in Oku volcanic field have released fatal levels of gas on occasion, killing some 1,700 people in 1986
 
Environment - current issues:
 
waterborne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Cameroon, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano
People :: Cameroon
Population:
 
19,711,291 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 40.5% (male 4,027,381/female 3,956,219)
15-64 years: 56.2% (male 5,564,570/female 5,505,857)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 300,929/female 356,335) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 19.4 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.6 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
2.121% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
 
Birth rate:
 
33.04 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
 
Death rate:
 
11.83 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
 
Net migration rate:
 
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 58% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 3.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
Douala 2.053 million; YAOUNDE (capital) 1.739 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 60.91 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 33
male: 65.48 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 56.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 54.39 years
country comparison to the world: 200
male: 53.52 years
female: 55.28 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
4.17 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
5.3% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
610,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
37,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 92% of population
rural: 51% of population
total: 74% of population
unimproved:
urban: 8% of population
rural: 49% of population
total: 26% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 56% of population
rural: 35% of population
total: 47% of population
unimproved:
urban: 44% of population
rural: 65% of population
total: 53% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Cameroonian(s)
adjective: Cameroonian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
 
Religions:
 
indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
 
Languages:
 
24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.9%
male: 77%
female: 59.8% (2001 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 9 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
3.7% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 113

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