Cape Verde Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Cape Verde

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Cape Verde
Background:
 
The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.
Geography :: Cape Verde
Location:
 
Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
16 00 N, 24 00 W
 
Map references:
 
Africa
 
Area:
 
total: 4,033 sq km
country comparison to the world: 176
land: 4,033 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than Rhode Island
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
965 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and erratic
 
Terrain:
 
steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mt. Fogo 2,829 m (a volcano on Fogo Island)
 
Natural resources:
 
salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 11.41%
permanent crops: 0.74%
other: 87.85% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
30 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
0.3 cu km (1990)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 0.02 cu km/yr (7%/2%/91%)
per capita: 39 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active
volcanism: Fogo (elev. 2,829 m), which last erupted in 1995, is Cape Verde's only active volcano
 
Environment - current issues:
 
soil erosion; deforestation due to demand for wood used as fuel; water shortages; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site
People :: Cape Verde
Population:
 
516,100 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 170
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 32.6% (male 84,545/female 83,718)
15-64 years: 61.9% (male 154,697/female 164,917)
65 years and over: 5.5% (male 10,648/female 17,575) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 22.7 years
male: 21.9 years
female: 23.5 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.446% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
 
Birth rate:
 
21.47 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80
 
Death rate:
 
6.34 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
 
Net migration rate:
 
-0.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 61% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
PRAIA (capital) 125,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 26.94 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 77
male: 30.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 70.7 years
country comparison to the world: 143
male: 68.51 years
female: 72.96 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.49 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.04% (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
775 (2001)
country comparison to the world: 147
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
225 (as of 2001)
country comparison to the world: 100
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 85% of population
rural: 82% of population
total: 84% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15% of population
rural: 17% of population
total: 16% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 65% of population
rural: 38% of population
total: 54% of population
unimproved:
urban: 35% of population
rural: 62% of population
total: 46% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Cape Verdean(s)
adjective: Cape Verdean
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)
 
Languages:
 
Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 76.6%
male: 85.8%
female: 69.2% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
5.9% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 32

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