Central African Republic Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Central African Republic

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Central African Republic
Background:
 
The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Unrest in the neighboring nations of Chad, Sudan, and the DRC continues to affect stability in the Central African Republic as well.
Geography :: Central African Republic
Location:
 
Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
7 00 N, 21 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Africa
 
Area:
 
total: 622,984 sq km
country comparison to the world: 45
land: 622,984 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than Texas
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 5,203 km
border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, South Sudan 990 km, Sudan 175 km
 
Coastline:
 
0 km (landlocked)
 
Maritime claims:
 
none (landlocked)
 
Climate:
 
tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers
 
Terrain:
 
vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m
 
Natural resources:
 
diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 3.1%
permanent crops: 0.15%
other: 96.75% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
10 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
144.4 cu km (2003)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 0.03 cu km/yr (80%/16%/4%)
per capita: 7 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common
 
Environment - current issues:
 
tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Geography - note:
 
landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa
People :: Central African Republic
Population:
 
4,950,027 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 41% (male 1,021,144/female 1,007,819)
15-64 years: 55.3% (male 1,353,600/female 1,382,291)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 73,977/female 111,196) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 19.2 years
male: 18.8 years
female: 19.6 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
2.146% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
 
Birth rate:
 
36.46 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
 
Death rate:
 
15.01 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
 
Net migration rate:
 
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 39% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
BANGUI (capital) 702,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 99.38 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 7
male: 107.34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 91.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 50.07 years
country comparison to the world: 213
male: 48.84 years
female: 51.35 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
4.63 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
4.7% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
130,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
11,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 92% of population
rural: 51% of population
total: 67% of population
unimproved:
urban: 8% of population
rural: 49% of population
total: 33% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 43% of population
rural: 28% of population
total: 34% of population
unimproved:
urban: 57% of population
rural: 72% of population
total: 66% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Central African(s)
adjective: Central African
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
 
Religions:
 
indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
 
Languages:
 
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.6%
male: 64.8%
female: 33.5% (2000 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 5 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
1.3% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 160

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