Croatia Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Croatia

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Croatia
Background:
 
The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; it is a candidate for eventual EU accession.
Geography :: Croatia
Location:
 
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
45 10 N, 15 30 E
 
Map references:
 
Europe
 
Area:
 
total: 56,594 sq km
country comparison to the world: 127
land: 55,974 sq km
water: 620 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than West Virginia
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 1,982 km
border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia 241 km, Montenegro 25 km, Slovenia 455 km
 
Coastline:
 
5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
 
Climate:
 
Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
 
Terrain:
 
geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Dinara 1,831 m
 
Natural resources:
 
oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 25.82%
permanent crops: 2.19%
other: 71.99% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
310 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
105.5 cu km (1998)
 
Natural hazards:
 
destructive earthquakes
 
Environment - current issues:
 
air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits; most Adriatic Sea islands lie off the coast of Croatia - some 1,200 islands, islets, ridges, and rocks
People :: Croatia
Population:
 
4,483,804 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 15.1% (male 346,553/female 328,677)
15-64 years: 68.1% (male 1,516,884/female 1,536,065)
65 years and over: 16.9% (male 296,268/female 459,357) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 41.4 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 43.3 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
-0.076% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
 
Birth rate:
 
9.6 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 200
 
Death rate:
 
11.91 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
 
Net migration rate:
 
1.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 58% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
ZAGREB (capital) 685,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.055 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 6.16 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 174
male: 6.24 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 75.79 years
country comparison to the world: 80
male: 72.17 years
female: 79.6 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.43 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 194
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 1% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 1% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Croat(s), Croatian(s)
adjective: Croatian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)
 
Languages:
 
Croatian (official) 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) 2.9% (2001 census)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
male: 99.3%
female: 97.1% (2001 census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2008)
 
Education expenditures:
 
4.6% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 76

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