Czech Republic Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Czech Republic

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Czech Republic
Background:
 
At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Sudeten Germans and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, the Czech part of the country was forcibly annexed to the Third Reich, and the Slovaks declared independence as a fascist ally of Nazi Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist Party rule and create "socialism with a human face." Anti-Soviet demonstrations the following year ushered in a period of harsh repression known as "normalization." With the collapse of Soviet-backed authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
Geography :: Czech Republic
Location:
 
Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
49 45 N, 15 30 E
 
Map references:
 
Europe
 
Area:
 
total: 78,867 sq km
country comparison to the world: 116
land: 77,247 sq km
water: 1,620 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than South Carolina
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 1,989 km
border countries: Austria 362 km, Germany 815 km, Poland 615 km, Slovakia 197 km
 
Coastline:
 
0 km (landlocked)
 
Maritime claims:
 
none (landlocked)
 
Climate:
 
temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
 
Terrain:
 
Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Elbe River 115 m
highest point: Snezka 1,602 m
 
Natural resources:
 
hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 38.82%
permanent crops: 3%
other: 58.18% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
390 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
16 cu km (2005)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 1.91 cu km/yr (41%/57%/2%)
per capita: 187 cu m/yr (2002)
 
Natural hazards:
 
flooding
 
Environment - current issues:
 
air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests; efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe
People :: Czech Republic
Population:
 
10,190,213 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 13.5% (male 704,495/female 666,191)
15-64 years: 70.2% (male 3,599,774/female 3,554,158)
65 years and over: 16.3% (male 663,982/female 1,001,613) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 40.8 years
male: 39.2 years
female: 42.5 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
-0.12% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 206
 
Birth rate:
 
8.7 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 213
 
Death rate:
 
10.86 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
 
Net migration rate:
 
0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 74% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
PRAGUE (capital) 1.162 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.059 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 3.73 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 205
male: 4.06 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 77.19 years
country comparison to the world: 63
male: 73.93 years
female: 80.66 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.26 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 214
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
2,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 135
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 2% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Czech(s)
adjective: Czech
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census)
 
Languages:
 
Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: NA
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2008)
 
Education expenditures:
 
4.2% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 96

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