Fiji Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Fiji

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Fiji
Background:
 
Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister. Since taking power BAINIMARAMA has neutralized his opponents, crippled Fiji's democratic institutions, and refused to hold elections.
Geography :: Fiji
Location:
 
Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
18 00 S, 175 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Oceania
 
Area:
 
total: 18,274 sq km
country comparison to the world: 157
land: 18,274 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than New Jersey
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
1,129 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
 
Climate:
 
tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
 
Terrain:
 
mostly mountains of volcanic origin
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
 
Natural resources:
 
timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 10.95%
permanent crops: 4.65%
other: 84.4% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
30 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
28.6 cu km (1987)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 0.07 cu km/yr (14%/14%/71%)
per capita: 82 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
cyclonic storms can occur from November to January
 
Environment - current issues:
 
deforestation; soil erosion
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
includes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited
People :: Fiji
Population:
 
883,125 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 28.9% (male 130,409/female 124,870)
15-64 years: 65.9% (male 297,071/female 284,643)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 21,187/female 24,945) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 26.9 years
male: 26.7 years
female: 27.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.798% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
 
Birth rate:
 
21.11 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
 
Death rate:
 
5.9 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
 
Net migration rate:
 
-7.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 52% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
SUVA (capital) 174,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 11 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 144
male: 12.12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 71.31 years
country comparison to the world: 138
male: 68.73 years
female: 74.03 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.61 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 132
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Fijian(s)
adjective: Fijian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Fijian 57.3% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.6%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 3.9% (European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese) (2007 census)
 
Religions:
 
Christian 64.5% (Methodist 34.6%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 3.9%, Anglican 0.8%, other 10.4%), Hindu 27.9%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other or unspecified 0.3%, none 0.7% (2007 census)
 
Languages:
 
English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.7%
male: 95.5%
female: 91.9% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2005)
 
Education expenditures:
 
6.2% of GDP (2004)
country comparison to the world: 26

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