Jordan Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Jordan

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Jordan
Background:
 
Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the UK received a mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain separated out a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s, and the area gained its independence in 1946; it adopted the name of Jordan in 1950. The country's long-time ruler was King HUSSEIN (1953-99). A pragmatic leader, he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population. Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 war and barely managed to defeat Palestinian rebels who attempted to overthrow the monarchy in 1970. King HUSSEIN in 1988 permanently relinquished Jordanian claims to the West Bank. In 1989, he reinstituted parliamentary elections and initiated a gradual political liberalization; political parties were legalized in 1992. In 1994, he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, the son of King HUSSEIN, assumed the throne following his father's death in February 1999. Since then, he has consolidated his power and undertaken an aggressive economic reform program. Jordan acceded to the World Trade Organization in 2000, and began to participate in the European Free Trade Association in 2001. In 2003, Jordan staunchly supported the Coalition ouster of SADDAM in Iraq and, following the outbreak of insurgent violence in Iraq, absorbed thousands of displaced Iraqis. Municipal elections were held in July 2007 under a system in which 20% of seats in all municipal councils were reserved by quota for women. Parliamentary elections were held in November 2010 and saw independent pro-government candidates win the vast majority of seats. Beginning in January 2011 in the wake of unrest in Tunisia and Egypt, several thousand Jordanians staged weekly demonstrations and marches in Amman and other cities throughout Jordan to protest government corruption, rising prices, rampant poverty, and high unemployment. In response, King Abdallah replaced his prime minister and formed a National Dialogue Commission with a reform mandate. Some opposition groups also called for sweeping political and constitutional reforms, particularly on a controversial election law.
Geography :: Jordan
Location:
 
Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
31 00 N, 36 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Middle East
 
Area:
 
total: 89,342 sq km
country comparison to the world: 112
land: 88,802 sq km
water: 540 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than Indiana
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 1,635 km
border countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km
 
Coastline:
 
26 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 3 nm
 
Climate:
 
mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
 
Terrain:
 
mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m
 
Natural resources:
 
phosphates, potash, shale oil
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 3.32%
permanent crops: 1.18%
other: 95.5% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
820 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
0.9 cu km (1997)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 1.01 cu km/yr (21%/4%/75%)
per capita: 177 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
droughts; periodic earthquakes
 
Environment - current issues:
 
limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border with Israel and the occupied West Bank
People :: Jordan
Population:
 
6,508,271 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 35.3% (male 1,180,595/female 1,114,533)
15-64 years: 59.9% (male 1,977,075/female 1,921,504)
65 years and over: 4.8% (male 153,918/female 160,646) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 22.1 years
male: 21.8 years
female: 22.4 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.984% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
 
Birth rate:
 
26.79 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50
 
Death rate:
 
2.69 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
 
Net migration rate:
 
-14.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 215
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 79% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
AMMAN (capital) 1.088 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 16.42 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 107
male: 16.98 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 80.05 years
country comparison to the world: 29
male: 78.73 years
female: 81.45 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
3.39 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
600 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 500 (2003 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 91% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 9% of population
total: 4% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 2% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Jordanian(s)
adjective: Jordanian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
 
Religions:
 
Sunni Muslim 92% (official), Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shia Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)
 
Languages:
 
Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89.9%
male: 95.1%
female: 84.7% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2008)
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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