Kenya Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Kenya

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Kenya
Background:
 
Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement, which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. UN-sponsored talks in late February produced a powersharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. Kenya in August 2010 adopted a new constitution that eliminates the role of prime minister after the next presidential election.
Geography :: Kenya
Location:
 
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
1 00 N, 38 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Africa
 
Area:
 
total: 580,367 sq km
country comparison to the world: 49
land: 569,140 sq km
water: 11,227 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 3,477 km
border countries: Ethiopia 861 km, Somalia 682 km, South Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km
 
Coastline:
 
536 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
 
Climate:
 
varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
 
Terrain:
 
low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m
 
Natural resources:
 
limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 8.01%
permanent crops: 0.97%
other: 91.02% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
1,030 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
30.2 cu km (1990)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 1.58 cu km/yr (30%/6%/64%)
per capita: 46 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
volcanism: Kenya experiences limited volcanic activity; the Barrier (elev. 1,032 m) last erupted in 1921; South Island is the only other historically active volcano
 
Environment - current issues:
 
water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa's second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value
People :: Kenya
Population:
 
41,070,934 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 42.2% (male 8,730,845/female 8,603,270)
15-64 years: 55.1% (male 11,373,997/female 11,260,402)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 497,389/female 605,031) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 18.9 years
male: 18.8 years
female: 19 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
2.462% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
 
Birth rate:
 
33.54 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
 
Death rate:
 
8.93 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72
 
Net migration rate:
 
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 22% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 4.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
NAIROBI (capital) 3.375 million; Mombassa 966,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 52.29 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 44
male: 55.03 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 49.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 59.48 years
country comparison to the world: 188
male: 58.91 years
female: 60.07 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
4.19 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
6.3% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
1.5 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
80,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 83% of population
rural: 52% of population
total: 59% of population
unimproved:
urban: 17% of population
rural: 48% of population
total: 41% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 27% of population
rural: 32% of population
total: 31% of population
unimproved:
urban: 73% of population
rural: 68% of population
total: 69% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Kenyan(s)
adjective: Kenyan
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
 
Religions:
 
Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2%
note: a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely
 
Languages:
 
English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.1%
male: 90.6%
female: 79.7% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
7% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 16

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