Liechtenstein Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Liechtenstein

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Liechtenstein
Background:
 
The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleonic wars, it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815. Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved. Until the end of World War I, it was closely tied to Austria, but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral), the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. In 2000, shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight resulted in concerns about the use of financial institutions for money laundering. However, Liechtenstein implemented anti-money-laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US that went into effect in 2003.
Geography :: Liechtenstein
Location:
 
Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
47 16 N, 9 32 E
 
Map references:
 
Europe
 
Area:
 
total: 160 sq km
country comparison to the world: 218
land: 160 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 76 km
border countries: Austria 34.9 km, Switzerland 41.1 km
 
Coastline:
 
0 km (doubly landlocked)
 
Maritime claims:
 
none (landlocked)
 
Climate:
 
continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers
 
Terrain:
 
mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m
highest point: Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m
 
Natural resources:
 
hydroelectric potential, arable land
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 25%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 75% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
NA
 
Natural hazards:
 
NA
 
Environment - current issues:
 
NA
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Geography - note:
 
along with Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world; variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation
People :: Liechtenstein
Population:
 
35,236 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 212
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 16.1% (male 2,809/female 2,856)
15-64 years: 69% (male 11,970/female 12,326)
65 years and over: 15% (male 2,304/female 2,971) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 41.8 years
male: 41.2 years
female: 42.3 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.653% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
 
Birth rate:
 
9.65 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
 
Death rate:
 
7.61 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
 
Net migration rate:
 
4.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 14% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
VADUZ (capital) 5,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 199
male: 5.37 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 80.31 years
country comparison to the world: 24
male: 76.86 years
female: 83.77 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.53 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Liechtensteiner(s)
adjective: Liechtenstein
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Liechtensteiner 65.6%, other 34.4% (2000 census)
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic (official) 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2% (June 2002)
 
Languages:
 
German (official), Alemannic dialect
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100%
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 12 years
male: 13 years
female: 12 years (2008)
 
Education expenditures:
 
2% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 156

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