Marshall Islands Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Marshall Islands

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Marshall Islands
Background:
 
After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall Islands hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation in the US missile defense network.
Geography :: Marshall Islands
Location:
 
Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
9 00 N, 168 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Oceania
 
Area:
 
total: 181 sq km
country comparison to the world: 216
land: 181 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: the archipelago includes 11,673 sq km of lagoon waters and includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik
 
Area - comparative:
 
about the size of Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
370.4 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt
 
Terrain:
 
low coral limestone and sand islands
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Likiep 10 m
 
Natural resources:
 
coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 11.11%
permanent crops: 44.44%
other: 44.45% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
0 sq km
 
Natural hazards:
 
infrequent typhoons
 
Environment - current issues:
 
inadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
the islands of Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein atoll, famous as a World War II battleground, surrounds the world's largest lagoon and is used as a US missile test range; the island city of Ebeye is the second largest settlement in the Marshall Islands, after the capital of Majuro, and one of the most densely populated locations in the Pacific
People :: Marshall Islands
Population:
 
67,182 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 38.2% (male 13,062/female 12,576)
15-64 years: 58.8% (male 20,171/female 19,340)
65 years and over: 3% (male 988/female 1,045) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 21.8 years
male: 21.8 years
female: 21.8 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.954% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
 
Birth rate:
 
29.11 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
 
Death rate:
 
4.38 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
 
Net migration rate:
 
-5.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 72% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
MAJURO (capital) 30,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 23.74 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 85
male: 26.69 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 71.76 years
country comparison to the world: 132
male: 69.67 years
female: 73.95 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
3.44 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 92% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 94% of population
unimproved:
urban: 8% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 6% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 83% of population
rural: 53% of population
total: 73% of population
unimproved:
urban: 17% of population
rural: 47% of population
total: 27% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Marshallese (singular and plural)
adjective: Marshallese
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Marshallese 92.1%, mixed Marshallese 5.9%, other 2% (2006)
 
Religions:
 
Protestant 54.8%, Assembly of God 25.8%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Bukot nan Jesus 2.8%, Mormon 2.1%, other Christian 3.6%, other 1%, none 1.5% (1999 census)
 
Languages:
 
Marshallese (official) 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)
note: English (official), widely spoken as a second language
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.7%
male: 93.6%
female: 93.7% (1999)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 13 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2003)
 
Education expenditures:
 
12% of GDP (2004)
country comparison to the world: 4

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