Moldova Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Moldova

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Moldova
Background:
 
Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist, Vladimir VORONIN, as its president in 2001. VORONIN served as Moldova's president until he resigned in September 2009, following the opposition's gain of a narrow majority in July parliamentary elections and the Communist Party's (PCRM) subsequent inability to attract the three-fifths of parliamentary votes required to elect a president. Moldova's four opposition parties formed a new coalition, the Alliance for European Integration (AIE), which acted as Moldova's governing coalition until December 2010. Moldova experienced significant political uncertainty in 2009 and 2010, holding three general elections (in April 2009, July 2009, and November 2010) and four presidential ballots in parliament, all of which failed to secure a president. Following the November 2010 parliamentary elections, a reconstituted AIE-coalition of three parties formed a government, but remains two votes short of the three-fifths majority required to elect a president.
Geography :: Moldova
Location:
 
Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
47 00 N, 29 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Europe
 
Area:
 
total: 33,851 sq km
country comparison to the world: 140
land: 32,891 sq km
water: 960 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than Maryland
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 1,390 km
border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 940 km
 
Coastline:
 
0 km (landlocked)
 
Maritime claims:
 
none (landlocked)
 
Climate:
 
moderate winters, warm summers
 
Terrain:
 
rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Dniester (Nistru) 2 m
highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m
 
Natural resources:
 
lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 54.52%
permanent crops: 8.81%
other: 36.67% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
2,283 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
11.7 cu km (1997)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 2.31 cu km/yr (10%/58%/33%)
per capita: 549 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
landslides
 
Environment - current issues:
 
heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone
People :: Moldova
Population:
 
4,314,377 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 15.5% (male 344,101/female 325,995)
15-64 years: 74% (male 1,550,386/female 1,643,108)
65 years and over: 10.4% (male 164,512/female 286,275) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 35.4 years
male: 33.5 years
female: 37.4 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
-0.072% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
 
Birth rate:
 
11.16 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
 
Death rate:
 
10.74 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
 
Net migration rate:
 
-1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 151
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 47% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
CHISINAU (capital) 650,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.059 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.58 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 12.43 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 131
male: 13.85 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 71.37 years
country comparison to the world: 136
male: 67.68 years
female: 75.28 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.29 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 210
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.4% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
12,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 85% of population
total: 90% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 15% of population
total: 10% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 85% of population
rural: 74% of population
total: 79% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15% of population
rural: 26% of population
total: 21% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Moldovan(s)
adjective: Moldovan
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Moldovan/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004 census)
note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region
 
Religions:
 
Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000)
 
Languages:
 
Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.1%
male: 99.7%
female: 98.6% (2005 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
9.6% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 7

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