Nepal Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Nepal

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Nepal
Background:
 
In 1951, the Nepalese monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing ten-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nation-wide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The Constituent Assembly elected the country's first president in July. The Maoists, who received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, formed a coalition government in August 2008, but resigned in May 2009 after the president overruled a decision to fire the chief of the army staff. The Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist and the Nepali Congress party then formed a new coalition government with several smaller parties. The prime minister's resignation in June 2010 ushered in seven months of political gridlock until Jhala Nath KHANAL was elected as replacement in February 2011. His pressing tasks are to conclude the drafting of a new constitution by the late May 2011 deadline and to determine the future of the former Maoist combatants.
Geography :: Nepal
Location:
 
Southern Asia, between China and India
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
28 00 N, 84 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Asia
 
Area:
 
total: 147,181 sq km
country comparison to the world: 94
land: 143,351 sq km
water: 3,830 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than Arkansas
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 2,926 km
border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km
 
Coastline:
 
0 km (landlocked)
 
Maritime claims:
 
none (landlocked)
 
Climate:
 
varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
 
Terrain:
 
Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m
 
Natural resources:
 
quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 16.07%
permanent crops: 0.85%
other: 83.08% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
11,680 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
210.2 cu km (1999)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 10.18 cu km/yr (3%/1%/96%)
per capita: 375 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
severe thunderstorms; flooding; landslides; drought and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
 
Environment - current issues:
 
deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
 
Geography - note:
 
landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders with China and India respectively
People :: Nepal
Population:
 
29,391,883 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 34.6% (male 5,177,264/female 4,983,864)
15-64 years: 61.1% (male 8,607,338/female 9,344,537)
65 years and over: 4.4% (male 597,628/female 681,252) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 21.6 years
male: 20.7 years
female: 22.5 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.596% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72
 
Birth rate:
 
22.17 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
 
Death rate:
 
6.81 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143
 
Net migration rate:
 
0.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 19% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 4.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
KATHMANDU (capital) 990,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 44.54 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 55
male: 44.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 66.16 years
country comparison to the world: 163
male: 64.94 years
female: 67.44 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.47 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.4% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
64,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
4,700 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 88% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 12% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 51% of population
rural: 27% of population
total: 31% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49% of population
rural: 73% of population
total: 69% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Nepalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Nepalese
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)
 
Religions:
 
Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
 
Languages:
 
Nepali (official) 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)
note: many in government and business also speak English (2001 est.)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.6%
male: 62.7%
female: 34.9% (2001 census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2003)
 
Education expenditures:
 
4.6% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 79

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