New York Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.

Statistical Information Categories

New York

page last updated on August 8, 2011

   Introduction    New York

The Dutch were the first settlers in New York, establishing Fort Orange near Albany in 1624 and New Amsterdam on the island of Manhattan a year later. After the English took over in the 1660s, the colony was renamed New York, after the Duke of York. One of the original 13 states to join the Union (it entered in 1788), New York is known as the "Empire State." The state includes everything from skyscrapers in Manhattan to rivers, mountains, and lakes in upstate New York. Today, New York has the second highest population in the nation (after California), and remains the financial center of the country. The state flower is the rose, and the capital is Albany.

   Miscellaneous    New York

State Flower: Rose

State Motto: Ever upward

State Nickname: Empire State

State Bird: bluebird

   Geography    New York

Land area, 2000 (square miles): 47,214

Length: 330 miles

Width: 283 miles

10 largest cities, 2010:
  1. New York, 8,175,133
  2. Buffalo, 261,310
  3. Rochester, 210,565
  4. Yonkers, 195,976
  5. Syracuse, 145,170
  6. Albany, 97,856
  7. New Rochelle, 77,062
  8. Cheektowaga CDP, 75,178
  9. Mount Vernon, 67,292
  10. Schenectady, 66,135

Geographic Center: 12 miles south of Oneida and 26 miles southwest of Utica

Geographic Center County: Madison

Highest Point: 5,344 ft. — Mt. Marcy

Lowest Point: sea level — Atlantic Ocean

Number of counties: 62

State forest preserves: Adirondacks, 2,500,000 ac.; Catskills, 250,000 ac.

State parks: 168

Persons per square mile, 2010: 410.4

   People    New York

Population, 2010: 1937810200.00%
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010: 0
Population, 2000: 1897681100.00%
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009: 6.30%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009: 22.60%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009: 13.40%
Female persons, percent, 2009: 51.40%

White persons, percent, 2010 (a): 65.70%
Black persons, percent, 2010 (a): 15.90%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2010 (a): 0.60%
Asian persons, percent, 2010 (a): 7.30%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2010 (a): 0.00%
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2010: 3.00%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2010 (b): 17.60%
White persons not Hispanic, persons, 2010: 58.30%

Living in same house 1 year ago, pct 1 yr old & over, 2005-2009: 88.30%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2005-2009: 21.30%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2005-2009: 28.50%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 84.20%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2005-2009: 0
Veterans, 2005-2009: 1,064,754
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2005-2009: 31.4

Housing units, 2009: 801788100.00%
Homeownership rate, 2005-2009: 55.70%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2005-2009: 50.50%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2005-2009: $300,600

Households, 2005-2009: 7,137,013
Persons per household, 2005-2009: $3
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2009 dollars) 2005-2009: $30,634
Median household income, 2009: $54,554
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2009: 14.20%

(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.

D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown

GDP Data — Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
Population and Economic Data — US Census Bureau
Government Data — Congress.Org

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