North Korea Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Korea, North

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Korea, North
Background:
 
An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. Five years later, Japan formally annexed the entire peninsula. Following World War II, Korea was split with the northern half coming under Soviet-sponsored Communist control. After failing in the Korean War (1950-53) to conquer the US-backed Republic of Korea (ROK) in the southern portion by force, North Korea (DPRK), under its founder President KIM Il Sung, adopted a policy of ostensible diplomatic and economic "self-reliance" as a check against outside influence. The DPRK demonized the US as the ultimate threat to its social system through state-funded propaganda, and molded political, economic, and military policies around the core ideological objective of eventual unification of Korea under Pyongyang's control. KIM Il Sung's son, the current ruler KIM Jong Il, was officially designated as his father's successor in 1980, assuming a growing political and managerial role until the elder KIM's death in 1994. In 2010, KIM Jong Il began the process of preparing the way for his youngest son, KIM Jong Un, to succeed him in power. After decades of economic mismanagement and resource misallocation, the DPRK since the mid-1990s has relied heavily on international aid to feed its population. North Korea's history of regional military provocations, proliferation of military-related items, long-range missile development, WMD programs including tests of nuclear devices in 2006 and 2009, and massive conventional armed forces are of major concern to the international community. The regime has marked 2012, the centenary of KIM Il Sung's birth, a banner year; to that end, the country has been focused on development of the economy.
Geography :: Korea, North
Location:
 
Eastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
40 00 N, 127 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Asia
 
Area:
 
total: 120,538 sq km
country comparison to the world: 99
land: 120,408 sq km
water: 130 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than Mississippi
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 1,671.5 km
border countries: China 1,416 km, South Korea 238 km, Russia 17.5 km
 
Coastline:
 
2,495 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
note: military boundary line 50 nm in the Sea of Japan and the exclusive economic zone limit in the Yellow Sea where all foreign vessels and aircraft without permission are banned
 
Climate:
 
temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer
 
Terrain:
 
mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west, discontinuous in east
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
highest point: Paektu-san 2,744 m
 
Natural resources:
 
coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 22.4%
permanent crops: 1.66%
other: 75.94% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
14,600 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
77.1 cu km (1999)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 9.02 cu km/yr (20%/25%/55%)
per capita: 401 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall
volcanism: Changbaishan (elev. 2,744 m) (also known as Baitoushan, Baegdu or P'aektu-san), on the Chinese border, is considered historically active
 
Environment - current issues:
 
water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water; waterborne disease; deforestation; soil erosion and degradation
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Geography - note:
 
strategic location bordering China, South Korea, and Russia; mountainous interior is isolated and sparsely populated
People :: Korea, North
Population:
 
24,457,492 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 22.4% (male 2,766,006/female 2,700,378)
15-64 years: 68.6% (male 8,345,737/female 8,423,482)
65 years and over: 9.1% (male 738,693/female 1,483,196) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 32.9 years
male: 31.2 years
female: 34.6 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.538% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
 
Birth rate:
 
14.51 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
 
Death rate:
 
9.08 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
 
Net migration rate:
 
-0.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 60% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.047 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 27.11 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 76
male: 30.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 24.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 68.89 years
country comparison to the world: 149
male: 65.03 years
female: 72.93 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
2.02 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 58% of population
rural: 60% of population
total: 59% of population
unimproved:
urban: 42% of population
rural: 40% of population
total: 41% of population (2000)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Korean(s)
adjective: Korean
 
Ethnic groups:
 
racially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
 
Religions:
 
traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way)
note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom
 
Languages:
 
Korean
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (1991 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
NA
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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