Philippines Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Philippines

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Philippines
Background:
 
The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during World War II, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence. A 20-year rule by Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986, when a "people power" movement in Manila ("EDSA 1") forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts that prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. Fidel RAMOS was elected president in 1992. His administration was marked by increased stability and by progress on economic reforms. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. Joseph ESTRADA was elected president in 1998. He was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, in January 2001 after ESTRADA's stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and another "people power" movement ("EDSA 2") demanded his resignation. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2004. Her presidency was marred by several corruption allegations but the Philippine economy was one of the few to avoid contraction following the 2008 global financial crisis, expanding each year of her administration. Benigno AQUINO III was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2010. The Philippine Government faces threats from several groups on the US Government's Foreign Terrorist Organization list. Manila has waged a decades-long struggle against ethnic Moro insurgencies in the southern Philippines, which has led to a peace accord with the Moro National Liberation Front and on-again/off-again peace talks with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The decades-long Maoist-inspired New People's Army insurgency also operates through much of the country.
Geography :: Philippines
Location:
 
Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
13 00 N, 122 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Southeast Asia
 
Area:
 
total: 300,000 sq km
country comparison to the world: 73
land: 298,170 sq km
water: 1,830 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than Arizona
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
36,289 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
 
Climate:
 
tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)
 
Terrain:
 
mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m
 
Natural resources:
 
timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 19%
permanent crops: 16.67%
other: 64.33% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
152,500 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
479 cu km (1999)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 28.52 cu km/yr (17%/9%/74%)
per capita: 343 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
volcanism: the Philippines experience significant volcanic activity; Taal (elev. 311 m), which has shown recent unrest and may erupt in the near future, has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Mayon (elev. 2,462 m), the country's most active volcano, erupted in 2009 forcing over 33,000 to be evacuated; other historically active volcanoes include Biliran, Babuyan Claro, Bulusan, Camiguin, Camiguin de Babuyanes, Didicas, Iraya, Jolo, Kanlaon, Makaturing, Musuan, Parker, Pinatubo and Ragang
 
Environment - current issues:
 
uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
 
Geography - note:
 
the Philippine archipelago is made up of 7,107 islands; favorably located in relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait
People :: Philippines
Population:
 
101,833,938 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 34.6% (male 17,999,279/female 17,285,040)
15-64 years: 61.1% (male 31,103,967/female 31,097,203)
65 years and over: 4.3% (male 1,876,805/female 2,471,644) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 22.9 years
male: 22.4 years
female: 23.4 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
1.903% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
 
Birth rate:
 
25.34 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
 
Death rate:
 
5.02 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
 
Net migration rate:
 
-1.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 49% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
MANILA (capital) 11.449 million; Davao 1.48 million; Cebu City 845,000; Zamboanga 827,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 19.34 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 100
male: 21.84 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 71.66 years
country comparison to the world: 133
male: 68.72 years
female: 74.74 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
3.19 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
8,700 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 200 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 9% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 80% of population
rural: 69% of population
total: 76% of population
unimproved:
urban: 20% of population
rural: 31% of population
total: 24% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Filipino(s)
adjective: Philippine
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)
 
Languages:
 
Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.6%
male: 92.5%
female: 92.7% (2000 census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2008)
 
Education expenditures:
 
2.8% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 138

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