Puerto Rico Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Puerto Rico
(territory of the US with commonwealth status)

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Puerto Rico
Background:
 
Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly-elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status.
Geography :: Puerto Rico
Location:
 
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
18 15 N, 66 30 W
 
Map references:
 
Central America and the Caribbean
 
Area:
 
total: 13,790 sq km
country comparison to the world: 163
land: 8,870 sq km
water: 4,921 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
501 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
 
Terrain:
 
mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,338 m
 
Natural resources:
 
some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 3.69%
permanent crops: 5.59%
other: 90.72% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
220 sq km (2008)
 
Natural hazards:
 
periodic droughts; hurricanes
 
Environment - current issues:
 
erosion; occasional drought causing water shortages
 
Geography - note:
 
important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north
People :: Puerto Rico
Population:
 
3,989,133 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 18.8% (male 383,748/female 367,484)
15-64 years: 66.1% (male 1,270,557/female 1,366,417)
65 years and over: 15.1% (male 258,570/female 342,357) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 37.3 years
male: 35.5 years
female: 39 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.254% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
 
Birth rate:
 
11.35 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
 
Death rate:
 
7.95 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106
 
Net migration rate:
 
-0.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 99% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
SAN JUAN (capital) 2.73 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 8.07 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 161
male: 8.83 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 78.92 years
country comparison to the world: 43
male: 75.31 years
female: 82.71 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.62 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 175
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
7,397 (1997)
country comparison to the world: 110
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Puerto Rican
 
Ethnic groups:
 
white (mostly Spanish origin) 76.2%, black 6.9%, Asian 0.3%, Amerindian 0.2%, mixed 4.4%, other 12% (2007)
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
 
Languages:
 
Spanish, English
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.1%
male: 93.9%
female: 94.4% (2002 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
NA
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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