Singapore Political Map

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Political Map: Defined
Political Maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties. This type of map is generally vivid in color to help identify boundaries more easily. When viewing a Physical Map, the locations of major cities as well as many minor cities are found. Also included on Physical Maps are significant bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.
Singapore

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Singapore
Background:
 
Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.
Geography :: Singapore
Location:
 
Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
1 22 N, 103 48 E
 
Map references:
 
Southeast Asia
 
Area:
 
total: 697 sq km
country comparison to the world: 192
land: 687 sq km
water: 10 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
193 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
 
Climate:
 
tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
 
Terrain:
 
lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m
 
Natural resources:
 
fish, deepwater ports
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 1.47%
permanent crops: 1.47%
other: 97.06% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
NA
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
0.6 cu km (1975)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 0.19 cu km/yr (45%/51%/4%)
per capita: 44 cu m/yr (1975)
 
Natural hazards:
 
NA
 
Environment - current issues:
 
industrial pollution; limited natural freshwater resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes
People :: Singapore
Population:
 
4,740,737 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 13.8% (male 338,419/female 314,704)
15-64 years: 77% (male 1,774,444/female 1,874,985)
65 years and over: 9.2% (male 196,101/female 242,084) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 40.1 years
male: 39.6 years
female: 40.6 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.817% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 132
 
Birth rate:
 
8.5 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 216
 
Death rate:
 
4.95 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
 
Net migration rate:
 
4.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 100% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.077 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 2.32 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 221
male: 2.52 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 82.14 years
country comparison to the world: 7
male: 79.53 years
female: 84.96 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.11 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
3,400 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Singaporean(s)
adjective: Singapore
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000 census)
 
Religions:
 
Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8% (2000 census)
 
Languages:
 
Mandarin (official) 35%, English (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.5%
male: 96.6%
female: 88.6% (2000 census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
NA
 
Education expenditures:
 
3% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 131

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