St. Lucia Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Saint Lucia

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Saint Lucia
Background:
 
The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.
Geography :: Saint Lucia
Location:
 
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
13 53 N, 60 58 W
 
Map references:
 
Central America and the Caribbean
 
Area:
 
total: 616 sq km
country comparison to the world: 193
land: 606 sq km
water: 10 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
three and a half times the size of Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
158 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
 
Climate:
 
tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August
 
Terrain:
 
volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m
 
Natural resources:
 
forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 6.45%
permanent crops: 22.58%
other: 70.97% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
30 sq km (2008)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 0.01
per capita: 81 cu m/yr (1997)
 
Natural hazards:
 
hurricanes; volcanic activity
 
Environment - current issues:
 
deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean
People :: Saint Lucia
Population:
 
161,557 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 22.8% (male 18,925/female 17,945)
15-64 years: 67.5% (male 52,859/female 56,173)
65 years and over: 9.7% (male 7,074/female 8,581) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 31 years
male: 29.9 years
female: 32.1 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.389% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158
 
Birth rate:
 
14.63 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137
 
Death rate:
 
7 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
 
Net migration rate:
 
-3.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 28% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
CASTRIES (capital) 15,000 (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.055 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 12.72 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 130
male: 11.92 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 76.84 years
country comparison to the world: 69
male: 74.15 years
female: 79.68 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.81 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 151
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 2% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 89% of population
rural: 89% of population
total: 89% of population
unimproved:
urban: 11% of population
rural: 11% of population
total: 11% of population (2000)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Saint Lucian(s)
adjective: Saint Lucian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
black 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1% (2001 census)
 
Religions:
 
Roman Catholic 67.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Rastafarian 2.1%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%, other Christian 5.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5% (2001 census)
 
Languages:
 
English (official), French patois
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 90.1%
male: 89.5%
female: 90.6% (2001 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
4.5% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 85

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