Taiwan Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Taiwan

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Taiwan
Background:
 
In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform.
Geography :: Taiwan
Location:
 
Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
23 30 N, 121 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Southeast Asia
 
Area:
 
total: 35,980 sq km
country comparison to the world: 139
land: 32,260 sq km
water: 3,720 sq km
note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined
 
Land boundaries:
 
0 km
 
Coastline:
 
1,566.3 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year
 
Terrain:
 
eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Yu Shan 3,952 m
 
Natural resources:
 
small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 24%
permanent crops: 1%
other: 75% (2001)
 
Irrigated land:
 
NA
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
67 cu km (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
earthquakes; typhoons
volcanism: Kueishantao Island (elev. 401 m), east of Taiwan, is its only historically active volcano, although it has not erupted in centuries
 
Environment - current issues:
 
air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status
 
Geography - note:
 
strategic location adjacent to both the Taiwan Strait and the Luzon Strait
People :: Taiwan
Population:
 
23,071,779 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 15.6% (male 1,875,359/female 1,732,007)
15-64 years: 73.4% (male 8,538,881/female 8,406,716)
65 years and over: 10.9% (male 1,198,591/female 1,320,225) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 37.6 years
male: 36.9 years
female: 38.3 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.193% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 181
 
Birth rate:
 
8.9 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 210
 
Death rate:
 
7 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
 
Net migration rate:
 
0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.084 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 5.18 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 181
male: 5.46 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 78.32 years
country comparison to the world: 51
male: 75.5 years
female: 81.36 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.15 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
NA
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Taiwan (singular and plural)
note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan
adjective: Taiwan
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%
 
Religions:
 
mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
 
Languages:
 
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.1%
male: NA
female: NA (2003)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
NA
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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