Tanzania Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Tanzania

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Tanzania
Background:
 
Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010
Geography :: Tanzania
Location:
 
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
6 00 S, 35 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Africa
 
Area:
 
total: 947,300 sq km
country comparison to the world: 31
land: 885,800 sq km
water: 61,500 sq km
note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than twice the size of California
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 3,861 km
border countries: Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km
 
Coastline:
 
1,424 km
 
Maritime claims:
 
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
 
varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
 
Terrain:
 
plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m
 
Natural resources:
 
hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 4.23%
permanent crops: 1.16%
other: 94.61% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
1,840 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
91 cu km (2001)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 5.18 cu km/yr (10%/0%/89%)
per capita: 135 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought
volcanism: Tanzania experiences limited volcanic activity; Ol Doinyo Lengai (elev. 2,962 m) has emitted lava in recent years; other historically active volcanoes include Kieyo and Meru
 
Environment - current issues:
 
soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) in the southwest
People :: Tanzania
Population:
 
42,746,620 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 42% (male 9,003,152/female 8,949,061)
15-64 years: 55.1% (male 11,633,721/female 11,913,951)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 538,290/female 708,445) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 18.5 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 18.7 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
2.002% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50
 
Birth rate:
 
32.64 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
 
Death rate:
 
12.09 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
 
Net migration rate:
 
-0.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 26% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 4.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
DAR ES SALAAM (capital) 3.207 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 66.93 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 22
male: 73.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 59.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 52.85 years
country comparison to the world: 204
male: 51.34 years
female: 54.42 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
4.16 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
5.6% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
1.4 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
86,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and plague
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 80% of population
rural: 45% of population
total: 54% of population
unimproved:
urban: 20% of population
rural: 55% of population
total: 46% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 32% of population
rural: 21% of population
total: 24% of population
unimproved:
urban: 68% of population
rural: 79% of population
total: 76% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Tanzanian(s)
adjective: Tanzanian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African
 
Religions:
 
mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
 
Languages:
 
Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 69.4%
male: 77.5%
female: 62.2% (2002 census)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2007)
 
Education expenditures:
 
6.8% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 17

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