Uzbekistan Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Uzbekistan

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Uzbekistan
Background:
 
Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Bolshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.
Geography :: Uzbekistan
Location:
 
Central Asia, north of Turkmenistan, south of Kazakhstan
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
41 00 N, 64 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Asia
 
Area:
 
total: 447,400 sq km
country comparison to the world: 57
land: 425,400 sq km
water: 22,000 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than California
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 6,221 km
border countries: Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km
 
Coastline:
 
0 km (doubly landlocked); note - Uzbekistan includes the southern portion of the Aral Sea with a 420 km shoreline
 
Maritime claims:
 
none (doubly landlocked)
 
Climate:
 
mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east
 
Terrain:
 
mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Sariqamish Kuli -12 m
highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4,301 m
 
Natural resources:
 
natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 10.51%
permanent crops: 0.76%
other: 88.73% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
42,230 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
72.2 cu km (2003)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 58.34 cu km/yr (5%/2%/93%)
per capita: 2,194 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
NA
 
Environment - current issues:
 
shrinkage of the Aral Sea is resulting in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification; water pollution from industrial wastes and the heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides is the cause of many human health disorders; increasing soil salination; soil contamination from buried nuclear processing and agricultural chemicals, including DDT
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
along with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world
People :: Uzbekistan
Population:
 
28,128,600 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 26.5% (male 3,817,755/female 3,635,142)
15-64 years: 68.8% (male 9,620,356/female 9,742,818)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 560,574/female 751,955) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 25.7 years
male: 25.2 years
female: 26.3 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
0.94% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120
 
Birth rate:
 
17.43 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114
 
Death rate:
 
5.29 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177
 
Net migration rate:
 
-2.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 173
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 36% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
TASHKENT (capital) 2.201 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 21.92 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 92
male: 25.95 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 72.51 years
country comparison to the world: 125
male: 69.48 years
female: 75.71 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
1.89 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
28,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 81% of population
total: 87% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 19% of population
total: 13% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Uzbekistani
adjective: Uzbekistani
 
Ethnic groups:
 
Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
 
Religions:
 
Muslim 88% (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
 
Languages:
 
Uzbek (official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.3%
male: 99.6%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2009)
 
Education expenditures:
 
NA

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