Zambia Physical Map

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Physical Map: Defined
In addition to country borders, major cities and significant bodies of water, Physical Maps indicate the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains. This type of map also displays major cities and regions. Physical Maps are commonly used to see elevation and land contours as well as major rivers and lakes.
Zambia

page last updated on September 26, 2011


Introduction :: Zambia
Background:
 
The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices, economic mismanagement and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. The new president launched an anticorruption investigation in 2002 to probe high-level corruption during the previous administration. In 2006-07, this task force successfully prosecuted four cases, including a landmark civil case in the UK in which former President CHILUBA and numerous others were found liable for more than USD 41 million. MWANAWASA was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair. Upon his abrupt death in August 2008, he was succeeded by his Vice President Rupiah BANDA, who subsequently won a special presidential by-election in October 2008. Under President BANDA, the Task Force on Corruption was abolished, President CHILUBA and his wife were acquitted in their criminal cases, and the government declined to register the UK civil verdict.
Geography :: Zambia
Location:
 
Southern Africa, east of Angola, south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
Geographic coordinates:
 
15 00 S, 30 00 E
 
Map references:
 
Africa
 
Area:
 
total: 752,618 sq km
country comparison to the world: 39
land: 743,398 sq km
water: 9,220 sq km
 
Area - comparative:
 
slightly larger than Texas
 
Land boundaries:
 
total: 5,664 km
border countries: Angola 1,110 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,930 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zimbabwe 797 km
 
Coastline:
 
0 km (landlocked)
 
Maritime claims:
 
none (landlocked)
 
Climate:
 
tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)
 
Terrain:
 
mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains
 
Elevation extremes:
 
lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m
highest point: unnamed elevation in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m
 
Natural resources:
 
copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
 
Land use:
 
arable land: 6.99%
permanent crops: 0.04%
other: 92.97% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:
 
1,560 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:
 
105.2 cu km (2001)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
 
total: 1.74 cu km/yr (17%/7%/76%)
per capita: 149 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:
 
periodic drought; tropical storms (November to April)
 
Environment - current issues:
 
air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; chemical runoff into watersheds; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, and large cat populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks
 
Environment - international agreements:
 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
 
landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zimbabwe
People :: Zambia
Population:
 
13,881,336 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
 
Age structure:
 
0-14 years: 46.7% (male 3,253,125/female 3,228,844)
15-64 years: 50.8% (male 3,544,640/female 3,508,344)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 148,531/female 197,852) (2011 est.)
 
Median age:
 
total: 16.5 years
male: 16.5 years
female: 16.6 years (2011 est.)
 
Population growth rate:
 
3.062% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 
Birth rate:
 
44.08 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
 
Death rate:
 
12.61 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
 
Net migration rate:
 
-0.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
 
Urbanization:
 
urban population: 36% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 3.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
 
Major cities - population:
 
LUSAKA (capital) 1.413 million (2009)
 
Sex ratio:
 
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate:
 
total: 66.6 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 23
male: 71.27 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 61.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth:
 
total population: 52.36 years
country comparison to the world: 207
male: 51.13 years
female: 53.63 years (2011 est.)
 
Total fertility rate:
 
5.98 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
 
13.5% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
 
980,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
 
45,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
 
Major infectious diseases:
 
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and plague are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
 
Drinking water source:
 
improved:
urban: 87% of population
rural: 46% of population
total: 60% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13% of population
rural: 54% of population
total: 40% of population (2008)
 
Sanitation facility access:
 
improved:
urban: 59% of population
rural: 43% of population
total: 49% of population
unimproved:
urban: 41% of population
rural: 47% of population
total: 51% of population (2008)
 
Nationality:
 
noun: Zambian(s)
adjective: Zambian
 
Ethnic groups:
 
African 99.5% (includes Bemba, Tonga, Chewa, Lozi, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Ngoni, Lala, Kaonde, Lunda, and other African groups), other 0.5% (includes Europeans, Asians, and Americans) (2000 Census)
 
Religions:
 
Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
 
Languages:
 
Bemba (official) 30.1%, Nyanja (official) 10.7%, Tonga (official) 10.6%, Lozi (official) 5.7%, Chewa 4.9%, Nsenga 3.4%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (official) 2.2%, Kaonde (official) 2%, Lala 2%, Luvale (official) 1.7%, English (official) 1.7%, other 22.5% (2000 Census)
 
Literacy:
 
definition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 80.6%
male: 86.8%
female: 74.8% (2003 est.)
 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
 
total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2000)
 
Education expenditures:
 
1.3% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 159

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