The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA for short, was established in 1958 by President Eisenhower, the year after the Soviet Union (Russia today) launched Sputnik, the first satellite in space. As a result of NASA’s work, the United States was the first country to successfully land a person on the moon with the Apollo program. NASA sought the best to achieve this success. Black mathematician Katherine Johnson was one of the best. She was asked to join NASA’s team to help calculate the Apollo orbital mission. Then, decades later, astronaut Mae Jameson was the first African American woman to travel to space when she served on the crew for the shuttle Endeavor’s launch in 1992. Help students learn more about these achievements by these African American women, as well as space exploration, through your Maps101 subscription.